Parga Travel Guide – Town on the coast with the vibe of an island

ENG: Welcome to Parga. This small town by the Ionian sea, in the Greek province of Epir, is the proof that you do not need to go to some of the Greek islands to feel the real spirit of Greece. Parga is located 60 km from city of Ioannina, between Preveza and Igoumenitsa.

This town is not like other Greek seaside resort in the continental Greece. It has the atmosphere and beauty of world famous Greek islands. The first thing I thought when I saw this town, was that it reminds me a lot of Portofino and Amalfi coast. This city is the greatest proof of its turbulent history.  During its long history, the life of the locals was influenced by Venetians and Turks. Between the 15th century and 1913, there were numerous clashes between the two sides. The city of Parga was finally free after Balkan Wars in 1913, when Turks were defeated.

One of the attractions you should not miss is the Venetian Castles on the top of the hill beside the port. Sunsets from the top of the fortress are some of the most beautiful moments spent in Parga. The castle was built in 11th century by Pargians, to protect their city from pirates and Turks. From 13th century until the liberation of the city in 1913, the castle had been changing its owners very often. Turks demolished the castles several times, and Venetians rebuilt it.  The last famous resident of this castle was Ali Pasha. During his rule, Turks built were safe boxes for arms and guns, secret passages to the sea, jails, warehouses, two-block houses, Ali Pasha’s harem and Turkish bath. You can see the life path of the castle on the entrance. There you can find winged lion of St Mark, Ali Pasha’s emblems, the name ” Antonio Bervass 1764″ and two-headed eagles.

Beside Venetian fortress or castle, around Parga, on the hill above the city, you can see Ali Pasha’s fortress. This fortress is harder to rich and it’s not that preserved as Venetian one. If you are adventurous, you can take a longer walk to the hills or take a ride with a small train that drives tourist to the fortress. The price of the ride, in May, was 8 euros per person.

Parga is the city that has a lot of beautiful beaches. In the city you can find, the main town beach, Krioneri, and the smaller one beside it, Piso Krioneri. Across the Krioneri beach, there is a small island called, Panagia island, dedicated to Mother of God. You can swim to the island and visit two small churches that are settled there. My favorite beach is Valtos beach, but I will tell you little bit more about it on another blog post. Valtos beach deserves a special post, because of the beauty that surrounds the beach and so many amazing photos that I took there. So, keep following my blog in the next days to read more about it. Another beach that I would recommend to you is Lichnos beach. It is located 4 km from Parga. You can walk to the beach, but during hot summer days, I recommend you renting a car or motorcycle. Beside these easily accessible beaches, there are some amazing beaches that are little bit far from Parga, like Sarakiniko and Ai Giannaki beach. Unfortunately, I didn’t have a chance to visit these two beaches but I hope I will visit them on my next visit to Parga.

Parga is one f those town that you are never bored. During the day, you are enjoying amazing beaches, beautiful nature around you, sea and sun. During the night, this town turns into cosmopolitan town, full of life, full of restaurants, cafes, bars, clubs with live music. Therefore, Parga is considered to be a true elite resort on the Ionian coast.

During summer, there are numerous excursions organized from Praga. That way you can get to know the surroundings of this town. You can visit Corfu, Ionian island like Lefkada and Kefalonia, Paxos and Antipaxos, Sivota… One of the unusual excursions is the excursion to the Archeon river. This river is one of the most famous landmarks of the ancient world. Archeon river was the place were the souls of the dead were passing to the underworld, Hades. On the banks of the river, there is settled the ancient 5000 year-old temple, where ancient Greek priests communicated with the dead. Beside this one, you can enjoy the visit to the olive oil factory.

Parga is one of the destination that has been on my travel wishlist for such a long time. It got there thanks to the beautiful pictures I saw on the internet. But know, it’s on my list of the destinations I would love to visit again, the list of my favorite destinations in the world. It deserved that place, because of its beautiful nature, amazing atmosphere and the charm of the locals. There are so many places to visit in Parga, that I couldn’t visit during my stay, but I hope I will go there again soon. I’m already missing  the turquoise sea, golden sand and the smell of oranges, olives and bougainvilleas.

SRB: Dobrodošli u Pargu! Ovo malo mesto na Jonskom moru, u grčkoj oblasti Epir, dokaz je da ne morate otići na neko od grčkih ostrva kako bi osetili pravi duh Grčke i njenog naroda. Parga se nalazi na 60 km od grada Janine, između Preveze i Igumenice.

Ovaj primorski grad nije ni nalik letovalištima u Solunskoj regiji i na Halkidikiju na kakve je većina Srpskih turista navikla. Parga podseća svojim izgledom, šarmom i duhom stanovništva na Italijanske gradove poput Portofina i Amalfi obale. Grad je savršen prikaz njegove bogate istorije i uticaja Venecije i Otomaskog carstva na život lokalnog stanovništva. Položaj grada, danas donosi lokalnom stanovništvu veliki broj stranih turista i procvat u ekonomskom smislu ali u vekovima za nama donosio im je nemir i stalni sukob Venecije i Turske oko uprave nad njim. Ovaj neprestani sukob i borba trajala je od 15. veka do 1913. godine i Balkanskih ratova kada je konačno oslobođen.

Najbolji dokaz istorije Parge jeste Venecijanska tvrđava na brdu pored luke. Ovo mesto ne možete i ne smete zaobići. Zalasci sunca sa vrha tvrđave predstavljaju jedne od najlepših trenutaka koje sam provela u ovom predivnom gradiću. Tvrđava je sagrađena u 11. veku od strane lokalnog stanovništva kako bi se odbranili od pirata i Turaka.  Od 13. veka do oslobođenja, tvrđava je menjala svoje vlasnike. Venecija je obnavljala tvrđavu kad god bi je Turci porušili, a činili su to nekoliko puta. Poslednji poznati stanovnik ili bolje rečeno “okupator” tvrđave bio je Ali Paša od Janine, koji je ostao u jako lošem sećanju stanovnicima Parge. Turci su tvrđavu kupili od Mlečana i tu izgradili brojne arsenale, skladišta, tajne prolaze do mora, ali i kuće dvospratnice, harem Ali Paše i tursko kupatilo. Burni život ove građevine najbolje se može videti na samom ulazu, na kapiji. Tu možete pronaći, krilatog lava Svetog Marka ( obeležje Mletačke Republike), ime “Antonio Bervass 1764”, obeležje Ali Paše, dvoglavog orla…

Pored Venecijanske tvrđave, u blizini Parge na brdu iznad grada, nalazi se Ali Pašina tvrđava. Ova tvrđava nije toliko pristupačna i uređena kao Venecijanska ali ukoliko želite do nje možete doći vozićem koji svakoga dana vozi turiste. Cena vožnje, u maju, kada sam ja bila u Pargi, bila je 8 eura po osobi, što ne znači da u sezoni cena neće biti i veća.

Parga je grad koji obiluje divnim plažama. U samom gradu i njegovoj bližoj okolini možete obići 4 predivne plaže. U gradu se nalaze plaže Krioneri i Piso Krioneri. Krioneri se nalazi odmah pored šetališta i luke, a Piso Krioneri je manja plaža koje se nalazi u uvali pored.  Kada dođete do Krioneri plaže preko puta plaže ugledaćete ostrvo Bogorodice ( Panagia ). Na njemu se nalaze dve crkve i do njega možete doplivati. Moja omiljena plaža je Valtos plaža ali njoj ću posvetiti ceo post jer lepota vode i okoline kao i veliki broj fantastičnih fotografija to zaslužuju. Lihnos plaža nalazi se na 4 km od Parge. Do nje možete doći i pešice ali je po velikoj vrućini tokom letnjih meseci bolje iznajmiti automobil ili skuter. Pored ovih plaža koje su blizu i lako dostupne turistima, u okolini Parge nalaze se i plaže Sarakiniko i Ai Giannaki. Nažalost nisam imala prilike da posetim i ove plaže ali eto zadatka za sledeću posetu.

Parga je grad u kome vam zasigurno neće biti dosadno. Tokom dana moćićete da uživate u fantastičnoj prirodi, okruženi šumama i maslinjacima a uveče u kosmopolitskom duhu, restoranima, barovima, kafićima i živoj muzici. Upravo zbog toga, Parga ima sve odlike pravog mondenskog letovališta.

Iz Parge se tokom leta organizuje veliki broj izleta kao što su izlet do Krfa, Jonskih ostrva (Lefkade i Kefalonije) , Paksosa i Antipaksosa sa posetom prelepom gradiću Gaiosu i Sivote.  Jedan od izleta koji nije klasični izlet brodićem je izlet do reke Aheron. Kratkom vožnjom vozićem doćićete do čuvene reke iz grčke mitologije. Aheron je reka gde su po grčkoj mitologiji, duše mrtvih prelazile sa ovog u podzemni svet, Had. Na obali reke nalazi se arheološko nalazište svetilišta starog 5000 godina, u kome su antički sveštenici komunicirali sa mrtvima. Pored ovih izleta turistima je dostupna i poseta fabrici maslinovog ulja.

Parga je jedno od mesta koje je dugo bilo na mojoj listi želja. Svoje mesto na ovoj listi dobila je samo na osnovu fantastičnih fotografija koje sam videla na internetu. Sada je svojim izgledom, atmosferom, šarmom stanovništva i duhom zaslužila mesto na listi mojih omiljenih destinacija, destinacija kojima ću se uvek rado vraćati. Ostalo je još toliko toga da obiđem i iskreno se nadam da ću se uskoro ponovo vratiti u ovaj raj na Jonskom moru. Već mi nedostaje tirkizno plavo more, zlatan pesak, miris pomorandži, bugenvila i maslina.

What to see and do in Venice – Venice Travel Guide- Part II

ENG: In last travel guide, I was talking about the artistic and historical importance of Venice. Today, I have prepared for you a list of things that I love to do and places I think you need to see in Venice. I hope you will like it! If you have something to add to this list and share with the other readers, write it down in the comments!

SRB: U prethodnom turističkom vodiču, pisala sam o umetničkom i istorijskom značaju Venecije. Danas sam za vas pripremila listu mojih omiljenih aktivnosti i mesta koje mislim da bi trebalo posetiti u Veneciji. Nadam se da će vam se dopasti i ukoliko imate nešto da dodate ovoj listi, podelite to sa nama u komentarima!

1. Take a gondola ride

Gondola is traditional Venetian rowing boat that is especially built to suit made for shallow waters of the lagoon. Riding with this boat gives you unique experience that you can only find in Venice. If you are coming to Venice with your sweetheart, this is something you can to miss. During your ride between the Venetian houses and palaces, you will enjoy the stories and songs, told and sang by famous Venetian gondoliers. This is what makes Venice, one of the most romantic destinations in the world.

Vožnja Gondolom

Gondola je tradicionalni Venecijanski brodić, posebno napravljen da za uske kanale Venecijaske lagune. Vožnja ovim čamcem omogućiće vam nezaboravno jedinstveno iskustvo koje možete doživeti samo u Veneciji. Tokom vožnje između Venecijanskih palata i kuća, uživaćete slušajući priče i pesme gondolijera. Vožnja gondolom predstavlja jedan od zaštitnih znakova ovoga grada.

2. Visit Doge’s Palace

Start your Venice sightseeing tour by visiting the Doge’s palace. This palace on the St Mark’s square was residence of Venetian rule, the Doge. The palace is settled and connected to the St Mark’s basilica and was built in Venetian gothic style. Here was located the center of power of Venetian republic. The construction of the building we can see today started in 1385 and was finished in 14th century. Today, this breathtaking palace is a museum open for tourist from all over the world. This museum was opened in 1923.

Posetite duždevu palatu 

Započnite obilazak Venecije, posetom Duždevoj palati. Ova palata na trgu Svetog Marka je bila rezidencija Mletačkog vladara, Dužda. Palata se nalazi tik do crkve Svetog Marka i napravljena je u gotskom stilu. U ovoj palati nalazio se centar moći Mletačke Republike. Izgradnja Duždeve palate kakvu je danas poznajemo i vidimo, započela je 1385. godine i bila je završena do kraja 14-tog veka. Danas, ovaj prelepa palata i dragulj Mletačke arhitekture, otvorena je za turiste. Muzej Duždeve Palate otvoren je 1923. godine.

3. Visit Saint Mark’s Basilica

Right to the Doge’s palace is one of the most famous churches in the world, basilica of St Mark. The facade of the church is settled on the east end of St Mark’s square but the rest of the church is connected to the Doge’s palace. This church was a private royal chapel for Venetian ruling family during the Golden age of Venetian republic. The construction of the church started in 828, when Venetian merchants stole the relics of a Saint Mark in Egypt. Today’s appearance the church got in 1063. The inspiration for its design was the Church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople. The original appearance of the church was modest, without any frescoes and sculptures. The church as we know it, got its appearance after Constantinople and the Hagia Sophia were looted in the fourth crusade, in 1204. Because of its luxurious design and gold ground mosaics and considering that it was a symbol of Venetian wealth and power, the church got the nickname “Chiesa d’Oro” or “the church of gold”.

Posetite crkvu Svetog Marka 

Kao što sam već pomenula, crkva Svetog Marka nalazi se tik do Duždeve Palate. Ova bazilika je jedna od najpoznatijih crkava na svetu. Fasada, odnosno prednja strana crkve, gleda na istomeni trg, dok je ostatak crkve povezan sa Duždevom palatom. Ova crkva je bila privatna kapela vladajuće porodice Mletačke republike, tokom zlatnog doba postojanja ovog grada- države. Izgradnja crkve počela je 828. godine, kada su trgovci iz Venecije ukrali mošti Svetog Marka iz Egipta. Današnji izgled, crkva je dobila tokom 1063. godine. Dizajn crkve bio je inspirisan crkvom Svetih Apostola u tadašnjem Konstantinopolju. Origialni izgled crkve je bio skroman, bez fresaka i skulptura. Današnji izgled, dobila je nakon što je Konstatinopolj opljčkan tokom četvrtog Krstaškog rata, 1204. godine. Sve opljačkane relikvije, uključujući i figure konja na vrhu crkve, donete su u ccrkvu Svetog Marka. Zbog zlatnih mozaika i luksuznog uređenja, crkva Svetog Marka, dobila je nadimak, “Chiesa d’Oro”, odnosno “crkva od zlata”.

4. Visit Bridge of Sighs

“Ponte dei Sospiri “ or “ The Bridge of Sights” is one of the most famous bridges in Venice. This bridge goes over the canal Rio di Palazzo and connects San Marco and Castello city area in Venice. The bridge also connects the Doge’s palace with “ the new prison“which was the first  building in the world built for this purpose. Over this bridge, the prisoners took they last look of the world and were taken to the prison. In that time, imprisonment was very cruel, and people would get a life long prison sentence even for small offenses. Therefore, people created this legend of  “ bridge of sighs“. Nowadays, there is a ways better and brighter legend. The legend says that if a couple in love pass under the bridge at sunset and they kiss, their love will last forever. Bringing this legend to life is definitely one of the things you need to do in Venice. The baroque bridge is located near the St Mark’s Square so tourist can find it very easy and take pictures from Ponte della Paglia and Ponte della Canonica, or during their ride in gondola. “ The bridge of sighs“ is one of the most visited and most important Venice points of interests for tourists around the world.

Posetite “Most uzdaha”

“Ponte dei Sospiri “ ili “most uzdaha” je jedan od najznačajnijih i najposećenijih turističkih atrakcija u Veneciji.  Most prelazi preko kanala Rio di Palazzo, povezuje dve gradske oblasti u venciji, San Marco i Castello, ali i Duždevu palatu sa “novim zatvorom”, prvom zgradom na svetu izgrađenom za ovu svrhu. Nakon što su čuli svoju presudu i kaznu, zatvorenici su ovde na ovom mostu po poslednji put videli svetlost dana i svet, i po predanju, uzdahnuli! U tadašnjoj Mletačkoj republici, kazne i za najmanja krivična dela bile su drakonske. Upravo zbog ogromnih , i često doživotnih, kazni, ljudi su stvorili ovu legendu o mostu uzdaha. Danas postoje dalako lepša i vedrija legenda vezana za ovaj most. Legenda kaže da ukoliko zaljubljeni par, prođe i poljubi se ispod mosta, dok sunce zalazi, njihova ljubav trajaće večno. Most se nalazi blizu trga Svetog Marka i lako ćete ga pronaći dok obilazite grad. Najbolje fotografije ovog mosta ćete napraviti sa mostova Ponte della Paglia i Ponte della Canonica ili tokom vožnje gondolom.

5. Visit Rialto bridge

One of the best places to visit in Venice is Rialto bridge. This is the oldest bridge across the Grand Canal and connects the districts of San Marco and San Paolo. Firstly, there was pontoon than wooden bridge. In 1551, the Venetian Senate open concurs for the stone bridge across Grand Canal. A lot of important and famous artist of that time, applied with their projects. But at the end, they choose the solution by Antonio da Ponto. The construction started in 1588 and was finished in 1591. Beside its historical importance, you should visit this bridge to enjoy impressive view over Venice.

Prošetajte mostom Rialto

Jedno od najboljih mesta koje možete posetiti u Veneciji je most Rialto! Ovo je najstariji most preko Velikog kanala i povezuje oblsti San MArko i San Paolo. Prvenstveno je na ovom mestu bio pontonski most  a nakon toga i drveni most. 1555. godine, Senat Mletačke republike, raspisao je konkurs za izgradnju kamenog mosta preko najvažnijeg i najvećeg mosta u Veneciji. Veliki broj značajnih umetnika i graditelja tog vremena, prijavilo se sa svojim idejama na konkurs. Ali na kraju, kao pobednik konkursa i glavni arhitekta ovog projekta bio je izabran Anronio da Ponto. Izgradnja je počela 1588 i završena je 1591. godine. Pored istorijskog značaja ovog mosta, savetujem vam da posetite ovaj most kako bi uhvatili jedan od najlepših pogleda na Veneciju.

6. Spend an afternoon at Lido di Venezia

After long sightseeing tour around Venice, I suggest you to spend a peaceful and relaxing afternoon at Lido di Venezia. This island is 12 km long and with a width between 200 and 1600 meters. It located at the entrance to the Venetian lagoon. This beautiful part of Venice makes this city one of the top city breaks destinations. But this little island is also one of the best holiday destinations in Europe because during the summer, it becomes home for numerous tourists. The majority of tourists are Italians from nearby cities. From 1932, Venetian Film Festival or “ La Mostra” is held here on Lido di Venezia.

Provedite popodne na ostrvu Lido di Venezia

Nakon dugog dana obilaska grada, predlažem vam da popodne provedete uživajući na ostrvu Lido di Venezia. Ovo 12 km dug ostrvo, široko je između 200 i 1600 metara. Nalazi se na ulazu u Venecijansku lagunu i predstavlja jedno od omiljenih izletišta Italijana iz okolnih gradova. Tokom leta, ovde dolazi veliki broj turista. Lido je najpoznatije kao mesto na kome se od 1932. godine održava ” La mostra” ili Venecijanski festival filma.

7. Visit Venice during the carnival season

What to do in Venice? Well, beside sightseeing and learning about history you can enjoy carnival in Venice.  During this period, Venice is becoming the place of masks, colors, music and fun. The Venetian carnival is maybe the most popular carnival in the world, but it is definitely the oldest one. History of the carnival starts in 1162 when Venetians took the victory in the battle over Aquileia. The victory was celebrated on the St Mark’s square and this event it’s considered to be the real start of Venetian carnival. The first written records about the carnival are from 1296. The word “carnival” comes from Italian phrase “carne vale” which means “ the meat is living”. Firstly, the carnival was held before the Easter fasting, which explains the title of the event. Today, the carnival is held during January of February. The low season when it come to tourism in Venice, was during winter, therefore the government of Venice decided to organize this event during this period. The carnival approximately lasts for 3 weeks and it’s liveliest during the last weekend. During carnival, you can enjoy numerous events, concerts all over the city, on the bridges on the streets. The main stage is settled on the St Mark’s Square. There are also numerous balls held in Venetian palaces.

Posetite Veneciju tokom sezone karnevala

Ukoliko se pitate šta možete raditi u Veneciji pored obilazaka palata i crkava, predlažem vam da doživite Veneciju u njenom punom sjaju tokom karnevalskih dana. Venecijanski karneval je jedan od najpoznatijih i definitivno najstarijih karnevala na svetu. Prvi pisani dokumenti o karnevala potiču iz 1296. godine. Sama reč “karneval” potiče od italijanske fraze ” carne vale” što znači ” meso odlozi”. Otkud baš ovo ime i ovo značenje? Prvobitno, karneval se održavao pred početak Uskršnjeg posta, i gradjani Venecije su se na ovaj način opraštali od mesa i počinjali veliki post. S obzirom da tokom zimskih meseci najmanji broj turista posećuje Veneciju, gradske vlasti su se odlučile da proslavu karnevala premeste u januar i februar. Karneval traje oko 3 nedelje i najživahniji i najinteresantniji je poslednji vikend karnevala. Tokom karnevala, u gradu se održava veliki broj događaja i koncerata. Glavna bina tokom karnevala nalazi se na trgu Svetog Marka. Pored koncerata, širom grada, u prelepim palatama Venecije, održava se i veliki broj balova. Stoga, ukoliko želite još nešto da doživite u Veneciji pored standardnog obilaska grada, posetite je tokom sezone karnevala.

8. Enjoy the view over Venice from Campanile di San Marco

If you want to enjoy the most beautiful view over Venice, visit one of the most picturesque places in this city, campanile di San Marco. This is the bell tower of St Mark’s Basilica and one of the symbols of Venice. The Venetians call it “El parón de casa” or “the landlord of the house”. It’s located in the corner of St Mark’s Square and it’s 98, 6 meters high. The view from the top of it is priceless.

Uživajte u pogledu sa zvonika crkve Svetog Marka

Ukoliko želite da doživite jedan od najlepših trenutaka u Veneciji i uživate u pogledu koji oduzima dah, popniti se na vrh zvonika crkve Svetog Marka. Ovaj zvonik je još jedan od simbola Venecije i među lokalnim stanovništvom poznat je kao “El parón de casa” ili “gazda kuće”. Nalazi se u uglu trga Svetog Marka i visok je 98,6 metara.

9. Visit Basilica Santa Maria della Salute

Santa Maria della Salute or Saint Mary of Health is a Roman Catholic Church and one of the symbols of Venice. It’s located at Punta della Dogana in the district of Dorsoduro, between the Grand Canal and the Giudecca Canal, at the Bacino di San Marco. If you are coming to Venice by boat, you will be able to see it from St Mark’s Square. This church was built after the terrible plague in 1630. The people of Venice wanted to build a church to Santa Maria della Salute to protect them after this devastating event. The construction of this baroque basilica started in 1631. The church was designed by Baldassare Longhena.

Posetite crkvu Santa Maria della Salute

Santa Maria della Salute ili crkva Svete Marije od zdravlja je rimokatolička crkva, smeštena na Punta della Dogana u Venecijanskoj oblasti, Dorsoduro, između Velikog kanala i kanala Giudecca. Ukoliko dolazite u Veneciju brodom, ovaj crkva je jedan od prvih simbola Venecije koje ćete videti. Ova crkva je izgrađena nakom strašne epidemije kuge, 1630. godine. Građani Venecije želeli su da sagrade ovu crkvu kako bi ih zaštitila od smrti, bolesti i zla kao što je kuga. Izgradnja crkve započeta je već naredne godine. Pored istorije koju sa sabom nosi ova bazilika, nama koji dolazimo iz Srbije, ova crkva je značajna zbog najlepše ljubavne pesme ikada napisane na srpskom jeziku i velikog srpskog pesnika Laze Kostića.

10. Get lost in Venice

One of the best things you can do in Venice, is to get lost. Wander the streets and discover new interesting places in Venice. You can find beautiful small family restaurant with amazing Italian cuisine, cute little antique shops and Venetian palaces with breathtaking architecture. You will see and truly understand why Venice is one of the most beautiful places to visit in Europe.

Izgubite se u Veneciji

Jedna od najboljih stvari koje možete uraditi tokom svog boravka u Venecije, jeste da se izgubite lutajući njenim ulicama. Tako ćete pronaći divne male porodične restorane sa fantastičnom hranom, antikvarnice i prodavnice suvenira ali i uživati u živopisnoj arhitekturi grada. Shvatićete zašto je Venecija jedna od najposećenijih turističkih destinacija u Evropi.

11. Have a cup of coffee at St Mark’s Square

I know! It’s such a cliche! But, admit it! The first thing you think of, when you are thinking of the activities you can do in Venice, is drinking that amazing, delicious espresso, on the main city square, while watching the Dodge’s Palace and St Mark’s Cathedral, watching the people and the birds, and just simply enjoying the sun. Isn’t it beautiful? Although, here, the coffee can cost way more than in some small street, couple of blocks away, the experience and the feeling you are going to get by drinking this famous Italian drink, is priceless.

Popijete kafu na trgu Svetog Marka

Znam! To je takav kliše! Ali priznajte! Prva stvar na koju pomislite, kada razmišljate o aktivnostima koje možete raditi u Veneciji, ispijanje jutarnje kafe na trgu Svetog Marka je prvo što vam padne na pamet. Ispijanje ovog čuvenom, fantastastičnog Italijanskog napitka, na glavnom gradskom trgu, dok gledate na Duždevu palatu i crkvu Svetog Marka, gledajući ljudi i ptice i uživajući u suncu je nešto što ne možete propustiti dok ste u Veneciji. Iako je kafa, u nekom manjem kafiću par uličica dalje, dosta jeftinija, morate priznati da je ispijanje kafe na ovako kultnom mestu, neprocenjivo iskustvo.

Venice Travel Guide: The Queen of Adriatic Sea ( Part I )

ENG:  The Queen of Adriatic, will always remain the greatest pearl of Europe. Channels, streets, houses… The emotions you feel while you walk around Venice, make you feel magical and unreal. It feels like you are riding a time machine, and you decided to make a stop on the square of Venetian Republic. The historical center of the city is one of the best preserved and most authentic historical centers in the world.

Venice is settled in northern Italy, in Veneto region. The name of the city, and the name of the region,  were given after the tribe that lived here before this area was conquered by Romans. Venice was the most important trade center in Europe in the Middle Ages and today, this city is one of the most visited travel destinations in the world. Visiting this Italian city is definitely on the list of every tourist and traveler on this planet. More than 50 000 tourists visit Venice every day! The city of Venice, today have, around 270 000 residents. Highest percentage of Venetians, do not live in the historical center of the city.  There are six main districts in the city called “Sestieri” : Cannaregio, Castello, Dorsoduro, San Polo, Santa Croce and San Marco. Other important parts of Venice are Isola Della Giudecca, Lido di Venezia, Murano, Torcello, San Francesco del Deserto, and Burano. Thanks to its beautiful architecture and turbulent and colorful history, the city of Venice is under protection of UNESCO as one of the sites on World Heritage List.

In order to understand and start loving this city, you need to know a little bit more about its history. The architecture of Venice tells a lot about the days when Venice was one of the most important cities in the world. As I said, Venice was founded by Veneto tribe before the occurrence of Roman Empire. After this part of the Apennine peninsula had become the part of glorious Roman Empire, refugees from nearby towns were escaping from barbarians and moved into Venetian lagoon. This was the moment when the population of Venice significantly increased.

During the Middle Ages, Venice was part of Byzantine Empire.  The position of the city, on the crossroad between east and west, allowed Venice to become one of the most important trade centers and cities in the world. For few centuries, Venice was an independent city-state called Venetian Republic. During this period, Venice was center of the world, center of trade, art, science, center of civilization. Between 9th and 12th century, the city flourished. The most important buildings like Doge’s Palace, Saint Mark’s Basilica, the city arsenal, were built during this period. The city was ruled by aristocracy who elected supreme leader, the Doge.  This golden age of Venice lasted until the 16th and 17th century when plagues drastically reduced Venice’s population.  During 18th and 19th century, Venice changed its ruler many time. First in 1797, Venice was conquered by Napoleon. After this event, France and Austria frequently changed their places as rulers of Venice. Venice finally won back its freedom in 1866 when this city joined a newly united Italy.

The 20th century was one of the darkest periods in world’s history. The whole world, the whole Europe and Italy, of course, had hard time during the World Wars. During the WWII, Venice was under the rule of Mussolini. This period was one of the saddest for Venetians when almost entire Venice’s Jewish population was deported and murdered. One good thing that happened to Venice during the WWII, was that historical center of city wasn’t bombed. Therefore, today, we can all enjoy the magnificent architecture and art of Venice.

Venice represents the best of Europe. There are so many places to visit, to discover and things to do in Venice. Venetian history represents the history of Europe. Every palace, every street, every square has a unique story to tell. Even hotels in Venice look like museums. In today’s post, I wanted to tell you little bit more about Venetian history, but in the next post, I will write about the places you need to see while you are in Venice and all those fun things you can do there.

SRB: Kraljica Jadrana, će zauvek ostati najlepši biser Evrope. Kanali, ulice, kuće, palate… Osećanja koja vas obuzmu dok šetate ulicama Venecije, su potpuno magična i nestvarna. Imala sam osećaj kao da sam nekim vremeplovom doplovima natrg u doba Mletačke Republike. Istorijski centar Venecije je jedan od najbolje očuvanih i najautentičnijih na svetu.

Venecija se nalazi na severu Italije, u pokrajini Veneto. Grad, pa i sama pokrajina, dobili su ime po plemenu koje je naseljavalo ovu teritoriju pre dolaska Rimljana. Venecija je u srednjem veku bila najznačajniji trgovački centar sveta a danas je jedan od najposećenijih turističkih destinacija na svetu. Svakoga dana, više od 50 000 ljudi poseti Veneciju. Venecija danas ima oko 270 000 stanovnika, a najveći procenat njih ne živi u turističkom i istorijskom jezgru već u okolnim delovima grada. Venecija se sastoji od 6 oblasti koje se nazivaju ” Sestieri” i to su: Cannaregio, Castello, Dorsoduro, San Polo, Santa Croce i San Marco. Pored ovih najvećih oblasti, poznate su još i Isola Della Giudecca, Lido di Venezia, Murano, Torcello, San Francesco del Deserto i Burano. Zahvaljujući prelepoj arhtekturi i neverovatnoj istoriji, Venecija se nalazi pod zaštitom UNESCO.

Kako bi zavoleli i razumeli ovaj grad, morate poznavati njegovu istoriju. Arhitektura samog grada, govori mnogo o njegovoj burnoj istoriji i zašto je Venecija bila jedan od najbitnijih gradova sveta. Kao što sam već napomenula, Veneciju je osnovalo pleme Veneto koje je živelo na ovim prostorima pre nego što ga je osvojilo Rimsko carstvo. Nakon što je i ovaj deo Apeninskog poluostrva pripao Rimu, izbeglice iz okolnih gradova krenule su da beže od varvara u Venecijansku lagunu. Tada je broj stanovnika Venecije naglo porastao i ovoga trenutka je započeo pravi razvoj ovog grada.

Tokom srednjeg veka, Venecija je bila deo Vizantijskog carstva. Pozicija grada, na raskrsnici puteva, omogućila je Veneciji da postane najznačajniji trgovački centar Evrope pa i sveta. Nekoliko vekova, Venecija je bila samostalna država, Mletačka republika. U ovom periodu, Venecija nije bila samo trgovački centar, već i centar umetnosti, kulture, muzike, nauke, centar Evrope i civilizovanog sveta uopšte.  Republikom je vladala aristokratija, koja je birala vrhovnog vladara, Dužda. Zlatno doba Venecije trajalo je do 16-tog i 17-tog veka, kada je usled kuge veliki broj stanovnika Venecije stradao. Tokom 18-tog i 19-tog veka, Venecija je često menjala svog vladara. Prvo je 1797. godine osvojio Napoleon, koji je brzo prepustio na upravu Austriji. Nakon ovog događaja, Francuska i Austrija su se često menjale na mestu vladara Venecije, dok Venecija nije napokon ponovo dobila svoju slobodu, 1866, nakon ujedinjenja Italije.

Dvadeseti vek je bio najmračniji period čovečanstva. Ceo svet, cela Evropa, pa i Venecija, propatili su mnogo tokom dva svetska rata. Tokom II svetskog rata, Venecija je bila u sklopu fašističke Italije, pod vođstvom Musolinija. Ovaj period je jedan od najtužnijih u Venecijanskog istoriji, jer je tokom drugog svetskog rata, gotovo čitava Jevrejska populacija Venecije proterana ili ubijena. Jedina lepa stvar koja je dogodila ovom gradu tokom II svetskog rata, jeste ta da istorijski centar Venecije nije bombardovan, pa je zahvaljujući ovom događaju sačuvano umetničko i arhitektonsko blago Venecije ali i Evrope. Zbog toga danas, mi u potpunosti možemo  da uživamo lepoti ovog Italijanskog grada.

Venecija predstavlja najbolje što Evropa da ponudi. U ovom gradu postoji toliko istorijskih mesta, muzeja, turističkih atrakcija koje treba posetiti tokom vaše posete Veneciji. Čak i hoteli u Veneciji izgledaju kao muzeji. U današnjem postu želela sam da vam kažem nešto više o istoriji ovog grada, a u sledećem postu otkriću vam moja omiljena mesta i aktivnosti u ovom gradu.