Get to know Serbia- Smederevo Fortress

ENG: Welcome to the another article dedicated to my country – Serbia.  This way I want to share with you all the beauties of my country and get to know it better. A large number of my readers are foreigners, who have heard of Serbia but they do not home much this country has to offer. Therefore, these series of articles will introduce to you Serbia at its best! For this post, I choose a very dear destination for me, and one of the destinations I have visited recently- Smederevo.

Smederevo is city in Central Serbia, near Belgrade. This city lies on the banks of Danube River and it is one of the most important historical sites in Serbia.  Smederevo was capital of medieval Serbia during 15th century (from 1428 until 1459) and the ruler of Smederevo and Serbia at that time was Despot Djuradj Brankovic. During his rule, he built one of the most beautiful and best-preserved medieval fortresses in Serbia- Smederevo Fortress.

The fortress of Smederevo is built at the place where rivers Jezava and Danube meet. Therefore, this fortress was built as a defensive fortress but also as a home to the Royal Family. The building started in 1428 and lasted for 2 years until 1430. The chief architect was the Byzantine, Kantakuzen, the brother of the princess Irina (Despot’s wife). This fortress is unique in medieval Serbian architecture and was inspired by Constantinople.  The fortress has an area of 14,5 hectares and it is considered to be one of the biggest fortresses in Europe. The fortress has a triangle shape. In the north top of the triangle, you can see the “ Small Town“ and the rest of the area is known and “The Great Town“.

The city of Smederevo was attacked several times by Ottoman Empire ( in 1439, 1453, 1456, 1459). The town resisted and the men fought for few decades, but at the end, in 1459, they surrendered without fight. This meant the end of the last Serbian medieval state. After this capitulation, Serbia was officially under the rule of Ottoman Empire for than three centuries.

As you can see, this fortress was an important site for Serbian people. This fortress stands here as a reminder of the resistance of Serbian people. Today, this is one of the most visited fortresses in Serbia and one of the most visited tourist attractions in Smederevo. During summer, the fortress revives as many events, concerts and theater performances are held here.

I hope you enjoyed this short story of one of the greatest Serbian fortresses. The next post dedicated to Serbia will show you little bit more about natural beauties of Serbia. So, until the next one, enjoy, travel and visit Serbia.

SRB: Dobrodošli! Evo još jednog posta u seriji tekstova posvećenih Srbiji i turističkim potencijalima naše zemlje. Moja prva destinacija je jedna od meni omiljenih i jedna od poslednjih koje sam posetila. Danas vam pišem o Smederevu, odnosno Smederevskoj tvrđavi.

Smederevska tvrđava je jedna od najznačajnijh u srpskoj istoriji. Ovo je mesto na kome je nestala srpska srednjevekovna država i mesto na kome su Srbi dali svoj poslednji atom snage za odbranu zemlje od Otomanske imperije. Smederevka tvrđava sagradjena je na ušću reke Jezave u Dunav, na strateškom položaju idealnom za odbranu zemlje, okružena Dunavom i Ugarskom. Vladar Srbije u 15. veku, bio je despot Đurađ Branković, koji je srpsku prestonicu iz Beograda premestio u Smederevo. Izgradnja tvrđave započela je 1428. godine i trajala je 2 godine, do 1430. godine. Glavni arhitekta izgradnje tvrđave bio je Vizantinac, Kantakuzen, brat žene despota Djurdja, Irine.  Upravo iz tog razloga, izgled tvrđave bio je inspirisan Konstantinopoljem, i predstavlja jedinsten primer srpske srednjevekovne arhitekture.

Površina tvrđave je 14,5 hektara zajedno sa kulama koje okružuju utvrđenje. Tvrđava je izgrađena kao odbrambena, vodena, tvrđava ali i kao dom vladarske porodice. Osnova tvrđave je u obliku trogla. U severnom temenu trougla, nalazi se takozvani ” mali grad” do se ostatak naziva “velikim gradom”.

Grad je bi pod opsadom Turaka u više navrata ( od 1439. do 1459. gdine). Dve decenije, srpska vojska se opirala napadima i čuvala svoje granice ali je na kraju morala da preda grad Turcima, bez borbe, 1459. godine. Ovaj događaj se smatra krajem srpske srednjevekovne države i zvanični početak Turske okupacije srpskim narodom.

Danas, Smederevska tvrđava procveta tokom leta, kada je centar dešavanja u gradu. U tvrđavi se održava veliki broj koncerata, manifestacija i pozorišnih predstava. Najpoznatij događaj je svakako Smederevska jesen.

Nadam se da ste uživali u ovoj kratkoj priči i fotografijama iz Smedereva. Sledećeg puta, donosim vam priče sa veće nadmorske visine i predstavljam vam prirodne lepote naše zemlje.


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