Welcome to Florence of Germany- Dresden!

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ENG: While I was preparing for this trip, I was exploring and researching a little bit about cities and countries I was planning to visit, considering that I’ve never been to Germany or Poland before. I was surprised when I found out that Dresden was called ” the Florence on Elba”. As I said in previous posts on my blog, Italy is my favorite country and Florence the most beautiful city in the world. So, I was intrigued to see the city that is compared the my favorite city. All the stories I’ve heard about this city were true. This is one of the most beautiful and magical cities I’ve ever seen.

Dresden is capital of German county or state Saxony, with more than 512.000 residents. In wider Dresden area there are more than 1,25 million people living there. The  first cities were founded here in neolithic period ( 75000 BC). Dresden is relatively young city, founded in 12th century by Slavs. The name Dresden, has roots in ancient Slav language that stands for residents of the swampy area – Drežd’any.

Thanks to the mine, Dresden develops very fast, and in the 13th century, in 1260, it has become the seat of the Meisson county, as Civvitas Dresdene. At the beginning of the 18th century, Dresden has become the artistic center. In this town, Friedrich Schiller wrote the anthem of Europe, “Ode of Joy”.

Walking around historical center of Dresden with tourist guide and listening the stories about this city and the important buildings like  Zemper Opera House, Zwinger Palace,  the court’s Roman Catholic Church, Protestant Church, make you imagine the court ladies and gentlemen walking around, heading to Opera or Theater. While you are exploring the center you are impressed with the beauty of the buildings and the fact there are standing there for centuries. But, than, you get surprised when the guide says, there are only 50-60 years old. How?

Dresden is one of the cities that suffered a lot during its history, especially i the 20th century. During the WWII, Dresden was bombed at the end of the war, from 13-14 of February 1945 by American and British Army. 25 000 people were killed and 80 % of the city was destroyed. Dresden is the most bombed city during the WWII. After the war, the city decided to rebuilt all the building in the historical center of the city, including the apartment buildings. They wanted the city to look like it looked before the war.  And they did an amazing job! Thanks to the special kind of marble, they made the buildings look old, like they were never destroyed. UNESCO put Dresden on its World Heritage List in 2004, but the city built a modern bridge in the historical center and ruined the scenery of the old Dresden. That’s why, in 2009, this city was taken off this list.

When we arrived in Dresden, the weather was terrible, cloudy and rainy, so the city was looking a little bit sad and grey. But when the sun showed up on the sky, the city got completely different appearance, a merry and romantic appearance. The weather  that day represented the history of this city. Dresden suffered a lot and yet again it raised like a phoenix.

At the end of the short story of Dresden, I highly recommend you to visit this city, to drink a cup of hot chocolate or coffe on the city square and just enjoy watching the life of the city and its resident on the streets. That’s the best way to get to know the city you are visiting.

SRB: Kada sam se pripremala za ovo putovanje, surfovala internetom i istraživala destinacije koje ću posetiti, jer nikada ranije nisam imala kontakata sa Nemačkom i Poljskom, nekako sam bila skeptična kada sam saznala da Drezden nazivaju ” Firencom na Elbi”. Do sada ste iz mojih postova i putopisa saznali da je Firenca moj omiljeni grad i odmah sam stvorila neku barijeru prema Drezdenu, smatravši da je nemoguće da me neki grad toliko očara kao Firenca. Moram priznati da sam na neki način pogrešila, jer je Drezden jedan od najlepših gradova koje sam posetila u svom životu.

Drezden je glavni grad nemačke savezne države Saksonije, u kojem danas živi 512.000 stanovnika a u širem okruženju 1,25 miliona ljudi. Iako su prva naselja na ovom području iz doba neolita ( 7500 p.n.e ), Drezden je relativno mlad grad koji su u 12. veku osnovali Sloveni. Svoje ime grad je dobio od staroluzničko-srpske reči za stanovnike močvarnih područja- Drežd’any.

Zahvaljujući rudniku Rudnoj Gori , Drezden se jako brzo razvija i 1260. godine postaje sedište grofa a od 1270. glavni grad Maksgrofije Meisson i naziva se Civitas Dresdene. Početkom 18. veka grad postaje umetnički centar i baš u ovom gradu Fridrih Šiler je napisao tekst Ode radosti.

Šetajući ulicama istorijskog centra Drezdena uz pratnju vodiča i slušajući priče ovoga grada, zaista opera Zemper ( koja je dobila ime po svom arhitekti ), Palata Cvinger, Dvorska rimokatolička i Bogorodičina Protestantska crkva nateraju vas da pustite mašti na volju i zamislite sve te dvorske dame sa njihovim raskošnim haljinama i brojnu gospodu kako šetaju tim istim ulicama kojima vi sada hodate ili plešu u raskošnim balskim dvoranama. Divite se prelepim zdanjima mislivši da ona tu stoje vekovima a onda se iznenadite kada vam vodič kaže da je ceo taj deo grada star čitavih 50-60 godina.

Drezden je svoje najteže trenutke doživeo u XX veku. Za vreme II svetskog rata , od 13.- 14. februara 1945. godine, bombardovan je od strane Američkih i Britanskih vojnih snaga kada je poginulo 25000 ljudi i uništeno 80 % grada. Drezden je bio najbomardovaniji grad u Evropi za vreme II svetskog rata. Po završetku rata, odlučeno je da se grad obnovi i da po završetku rekonstrukcije izgleda i sija punim sjajem kao što je izgledao pre rata. I zaista, zahvaljujući nekoj vrsti mermera koja brzo tamni i preciznim nacrtima grada koji su sačuvani, ovaj grad danas je sačuvao duh starih vremena i svu njegovu lepotu kojom je plenio vekovima unazad. UNESCO je istorijski centar Drezdena uvrstio na svoju listu svetske baštine 2004. godine ali je 2009. skinut sa iste kao prva baština u Evropi sa kojom je tako postupljeno, kada su saksonske vlasti odlučile da uprkos protivljenu UNESCO- a izgrade moderan most sa 4 trake.

Kada smo stigli u Drezden, vreme je bilo oblačno, kišovito i na prvi pogled grad je delovao baš tako, tmurno, tužno. Ali ubrzo Sunce je zamenilo oblake i grad je dobio jedan potpuno drugačiji izgled, veseo romantičan. Takva je bila i istorija ovog grada. Kada pomislite da je ovaj grad uništen, sravljen sa zemljom, on se kao feniks izdigao iz pepela i danas sa radošću ugosti milione ljudi iz celog sveta.

Na samom kraju, toplo vam preporučujem da posetite ovaj grad, da popijete šolju tople čokolade ušuškani ćebetom u nekom od kafića na prelepom gradskom trgu i posmatrate ljude koji prolaze njegovim ulicama, tako ćete najbolje upoznati grad u kome boravite.

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